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An Analysis of the Accuracy of the Presentation of the Human Penis in Anatomical Source Materials

  • Gary L. Harryman
Conference paper

Abstract

The purpose of this study is to identify and analyze the accuracy of the anatomical source materials regarding the human penis that are immediately available to medical school students and medical professionals. Ninety sources were vetted for entries and images of the penis — definitions, photos, illustrations, and drawings. We fmd 67% of the depictions of the human penis are anatomically incorrect. Of the primary images of the human penis, 71% are incorrect, while 54% of the secondary are incorrect. It is evident that the penis is misrepresented in the medical literature used in medical schools. The penis is routinely defined and depicted in a partially amputated condition, as if this were a natural state, without explanation or caveat. This study indicates that students are being misinformed about fundamental anatomy.

Key words

Medical education Penis Foreskin Prepuce Circumcision 

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2004

Authors and Affiliations

  • Gary L. Harryman
    • 1
  1. 1.National Organization of Restoring MenSouthern California Chapter (NORM-SoCal)USA

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