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Vasculitis

  • William D. Travis
  • Michael N. Koss

Abstract

The pathology of pulmonary vasculitis is a complex and confusing subject for several reasons: (1) in virtually all the idiopathic vasculitis syndromes, accurate diagnosis requires careful correlation with clinical and laboratory data and cannot be based on histopathologic findings alone. (2) The histopathologic manifestations of idiopathic vasculitis syndromes vary depending when in the course of disease a biopsy specimen is obtained; lung biopsies may therefore have atypical pathologic manifestations that do not meet the traditional diagnostic criteria. (3) The differential diagnosis is complex and includes rare systemic diseases with which few pathologists have much experience. (4) Because necrotizing granulomatous inflammation is a frequent feature of the pulmonary idiopathic vasculitis syndromes, the pathologic manifestations can be mimicked by granulo-matous infections. Thus, it is important to distinguish idiopathic vasculitis syndromes from infectious processes because the former are often treated with immunosuppressive agents. (5) The pathogenesis of these disorders varies greatly and is poorly understood. (6) Proper subclassification of these disorders is essential since many of the idiopathic pulmonary vasculitis syndromes can be life threatening without effective therapy.

Keywords

Giant Cell Arteritis Polyarteritis Nodosa Anti Neutrophil Cytoplasmic Antibody Lymphomatoid Granulomatosis Chronic Eosinophilic Pneumonia 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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© Springer Science+Business Media New York 1994

Authors and Affiliations

  • William D. Travis
  • Michael N. Koss

There are no affiliations available

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