Metabolic Disturbances of Acid—Base and Electrolytes
A wide range of acid—base and electrolyte disorders are encountered daily by the clinician caring for critically ill patients. The goal of this chapter is to supply the reader with a systematic strategy that can be used when confronted with abnormal serum chemistry and blood gases so that one can successfully arrive at a precise assessment, diagnosis, and therapeutic plan. Several case studies illustrate and help guide this discussion. This chapter does not dwell on the basic pathophysiology of each disorder, but we encourage the reader to refer to the Suggested Reading list at the end of the chapter to learn more about specific areas.
KeywordsTumor Lysis Syndrome Renal Tubular Acidosis Metabolic Alkalosis Nephrogenic Diabetes Insipidus Serum Bicarbonate
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