Despite advances in critical care, improvements in supportive therapy, and the advent of hemodialysis almost 25 years ago, acute renal failure continues to be a highly prevalent cause of morbidity and mortality in the hospital setting. In hospitalized patients, acute renal failure has been associated with a marked increment in mortality. The following chapter reviews acute renal failure in the critically ill patient; specifically, its pathophysiologic mechanisms, methods of diagnosis, and treatment plan.
KeywordsGlomerular Filtration Rate Acute Renal Failure Atrial Natriuretic Peptide Hemolytic Uremic Syndrome Thrombotic Thrombocytopenic Purpura
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