Surgical Treatment of Macular Pucker

  • Ronald G. Michels
Conference paper
Part of the FIDIA Research Series book series (FIDIA, volume 2)


Nonvascularized cellular membranes growing on the inner retinal surface (epiretinal membranes, ERM’s) occur in a number of clinical conditions including: 1) idiopathic membranes in patients of all ages, but especially during the latter decades of life, 2) following otherwise-successful retinal reattachment surgery, and 3) as a secondary change associated with blunt or penetrating ocular injuries, intraocular inflammation, vitreous hemorrhage, non-proliferative retinal vascular disorders and following ocular surgery. These epiretinal membranes may cause differing amounts of visual loss due to the abnormal tissue covering and/or distorting the macular area (macular pucker) and sometimes causing vascular leakage and intraretinal edema.


Vitreous Hemorrhage Epiretinal Membrane Posterior Vitreous Detachment Rhegmatogenous Retinal Detachment Final Visual Acuity 
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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 1986

Authors and Affiliations

  • Ronald G. Michels
    • 1
  1. 1.The Vitreoretinal Service, Department of OphthalmologyJohns Hopkins University School of MedicineBaltimoreUSA

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