Vertigo pp 67-81 | Cite as

Vestibular neuritis

  • Thomas Brandt


Acute unilateral (idiopathic) vestibular paralysis, also known as vestibular neuritis (VN), is the third most common cause of peripheral vestibular vertigo. It accounts for about 5% of the patients referred to a neurological dizziness unit. It was first described by Ruttin in 1909 and later by Nylen (1924). The term “vestibular neuronitis,” coined by Hallpike (1949) and Dix and Hallpike (1952), should be replaced by “vestibular neuritis;’ because there is strong evidence that the ganglion cells themselves are not inflamed, but rather parts of the nerve, i.e. the neurite.


Semicircular Canal Vestibular Nerve Vestibular Neuritis Horizontal Semicircular Canal Eighth Nerve 


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© Springer-Verlag London 2003

Authors and Affiliations

  • Thomas Brandt
    • 1
  1. 1.Neurologische Klinik, Klinikum GroßhadernLudwig-Maximillians-UniversitätMunichGermany

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