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Vertigo pp 351-354 | Cite as

Vertigo due to barotrauma

  • Thomas Brandt

Abstract

This type of vertigo is associated with exposure to alterations in ambient pressure, either an increase (diving, pressure chamber, explosions) or a decrease (flying, altitude chambers). The atmosphere exerts an absolute pressure of 760 mmHg (1013 mbar) at sea level, the standard one atmosphere absolute (1 ATA) pressure. Changes of pressure in water increase linearly with increasing depth: one atmosphere is added for each 10 m. This increased pressure is balanced by breathing air delivered at the new ambient pressure and by equalizing the pressure in all gas-containing body cavities to ambient (Farmer and Thomas 1976; Margulies 1987). The volume of gas varies inversely with ambient pressure. It is this pressure-volume relationship that mostly causes barotrauma. The likelihood of damage to the Eustachian tube and middle and inner ear increases as the rate of change of external pressure increases, because large pressure differentials are produced in these areas.

Keywords

Sensorineural Hearing Loss Eustachian Tube Round Window Blast Injury Aviat Space Environ 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag London 2003

Authors and Affiliations

  • Thomas Brandt
    • 1
  1. 1.Neurologische Klinik, Klinikum GroßhadernLudwig-Maximillians-UniversitätMunichGermany

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