Vertigo pp 215-218 | Cite as

Vestibular disorders in (horizontal) yaw plane

  • Thomas Brandt


The clinical signs, both perceptual and motor, of a vestibular tone imbalance in the yaw plane include rotational vertigo, deviation of perceived straightahead, pastpointing, rotational and lateral body falls and horizontal nystagmus.


Semicircular Canal Vestibular Nucleus Vestibular Neuritis Spontaneous Nystagmus Root Entry Zone 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. Amarenco P, Roullet E, Chemouilli Ph, Marteau R (1990) Infarctus pontin inférolatéral: deux aspects cliniques. Rev Neurol (Paris) 146: 433 - 437Google Scholar
  2. Baloh RW, Jacobson K, Hornrubia V (1993) Horizontal semicircular canal variant of benign positional vertigo. Neurology 43: 2542 - 2549PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Böhmer A, Rickenmann J (1995) The subjective visual vertical as a clinical parameter of vestibular function in peripheral vestibular diseases. J Vestib Res 5: 35 - 45PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Böhmer A, Straumann D, Fetter M (1997) Three-dimensional analysis of spontaneous nystagmus in peripheral vestibular lesions. Ann Otol-Rhinol-Laryngol 106: 61 - 68PubMedGoogle Scholar
  5. Brandt Th, Dieterich M (1993) Vestibular falls. J Vestib Res 3: 3 - 14PubMedGoogle Scholar
  6. Brandt Th, Dieterich M (1995) Central vestibular syndrome in roll, pitch, and yaw planes. Topographic diagnosis of brainstem disorders. Neuro-ophthalmology 15: 291-303Google Scholar
  7. Brandt Th, Dieterich M, Büchele W (1986) Postural abnormalities in central vestibular brainstem lesions. In: Bles W, Brandt Th (eds) Disorders of posture and gait. Elsevier, Amsterdam, pp 141 - 156Google Scholar
  8. Büchele W, Brandt Th (1988) Vestibular neuritis - a horizontal semicircular canal paresis? Adv Oto-Rhino-Laryngol 42: 157 - 161Google Scholar
  9. Büttner U, Helmchen C, Büttner-Ennever JA (1995) The localizing value of nystagmus in brainstem disorders. Neuro-opthalmololgy 15: 283 - 290CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. Curthoys IS, Dai MJ, Halmagyi GM (1991) Human ocular torsional position before and after unilateral vestibular neurectomy. Exp Brain Res 85: 218 - 225PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. Dieterich M, Brandt Th (1992) Wallenberg's syndrome: lateropulsion, cyclorotation and subjective visual vertical in 36 patients. Ann Neurol 31: 399 - 408PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. Dieterich M, Büchele W (1989) MRI findings in lesions at the entry zone of the eighth nerve. Acta Otolaryngol (Stockh) Suppl 468: 385 - 389CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. Disher MI, Telian SA, Kemink JL (1991) Evaluation of acute vertigo: unusual lesions imitating vestibular neuritis. Am J Otol 12: 227 - 231PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. Fetter M, Dichgans J (1996) Vestibular neuritis spares the inferior division of the vestibular nerve. Brain 119: 755 - 763PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. FitzGibbon EJ, Calvert PC, Dieterich M, Brandt Th, Zee DS (1996) Torsional nystagmus during vertical pursuit. Neuroophthalmology 16: 79 - 90Google Scholar
  16. Francis DA, Bronstein AM, Rudge P, du Boulay EPGH (1992) The site of brainstem lesions causing semicircular canal paresis: an MRI study. J Neurol Neurosurg Psychiatry 55: 446 - 449PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. Hopf HC (1987) Vertigo and masseter paresis. A new brainstem syndrome. J Neurol 235: 42 - 45PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. Kömpf D (1986) Der benigne pseudovestibuläre Kleinhirninsult. Nervenarzt 57: 163 - 166PubMedGoogle Scholar
  19. Lawden MC, Bronstein AM, Kennard C (1995) Repetitive paroxysmal nystagmus and vertigo. Neurology 45: 276 - 280PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. Leigh RJ, Brandt Th (1993) A re-evaluation of the vestibulo-ocular reflex: new ideas of its purpose, properties, neural substrate, and disorders. Neurology 43: 1288 - 1295PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. McClure JA (1989) Horizontal canal BPV. Otolaryngology 14: 30 - 35Google Scholar
  22. Morrow MJ, Sharpe A (1988) Torsional nystagmus in the lateral medullary syndrome. Ann Neurol 24: 390 - 398PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. Pagnini P, Nuti D, Vannuncchi P (1989) Benign paroxysmal vertigo of the horizontal canal. ORL-J Otorhinolaryngol Rel Spec 51: 161 - 170CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. Uemura T, Cohen B (1973) Effects of vestibular nuclei lesions on vestibulo-ocular reflexes and posture in monkeys. ActaOtolaryngol (Stockh) Suppl 315: 1 - 71Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag London 2003

Authors and Affiliations

  • Thomas Brandt
    • 1
  1. 1.Neurologische Klinik, Klinikum GroßhadernLudwig-Maximillians-UniversitätMunichGermany

Personalised recommendations