Age and Gender Variables in Bullying

  • Gayle L. Macklem


It is important to explore age and gender variables associated with bullying, because there are distinct differences in how bullying takes place and is experienced by children according to these variables. It is important to keep in mind, however, that grade differences are less important than school context variables (Astor, Benbenishty, et al., 2002).


Middle School Physical Aggression Relational Aggression Gender Variable Sixth Grade 


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2003

Authors and Affiliations

  • Gayle L. Macklem
    • 1
  1. 1.Manchester Essex Regional School DistrictManchesterUSA

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