Definitions, Study Approaches, and Incidence

  • Gayle L. Macklem


In order to understand the phenomenon of bullying, it is important to begin by defining bullying in the context of children’s groups or in the context of school. Unfortunately, there is, to date, no universally accepted definition of bullying behavior. In addition, there have been changes in the way in which researchers have studied bullying in recent years.


Study Approach Hate Crime School Violence Bully Behavior Junior High School Student 


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2003

Authors and Affiliations

  • Gayle L. Macklem
    • 1
  1. 1.Manchester Essex Regional School DistrictManchesterUSA

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