Advertisement

Hippocampal Slow Waves, Learning, and Instinctive Behavior

  • C. H. Vanderwolf
Chapter

Abstract

The idea that there is a localized cerebral area devoted to memory, and further, that the hippocampus is just such an area, had an enormous appeal to many people interested in brain-mind relations. Only two years after the appearance of Scoville and Milner’s 1957 paper (see Chapter I) claiming that hippocampal lesions produced amnesia, E. Grastyan of the University of Pecs, in Hungary, published a study of hippocampal slow wave activity during learning in freely moving cats1. Grastyan and his colleagues reported that hippocampal rhythmical slow waves were characteristic of the early stages of learning when the cats displayed prominent orienting reactions (the what-is-it reflexes of Pavlov) but that both the orienting responses and the associated rhythmical slow waves disappeared when the learned behavior had become well established. Soon afterwards, W.R. Adey of the University of California at Los Angeles began publishing the results of a series of studies making use of computers to analyze changes in hippocampal slow waves during learning.

Keywords

Slow Wave Paradoxical Sleep Hippocampal Activity Hypothalamic Stimulation Irregular Activity 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Notes on Chapter 3

  1. 1.
    Grastydn, E., Lissak, K., Madarasz, I., and Donhoffer, H. (1959). Hippocampal electrical activity during the development of conditioned reflexes. Electroencephalography and clinical Neurophysiology 11: 409–430.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    Whishaw, I.Q., and Vanderwolf, C.H. (1973). Hippocampal EEG and behavior: changes in amplitude and frequency of RSA (theta rhythm) associated with spontaneous and learned movement patterns in rats and cats. Behavioral Biology 8: 461–484.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    Jim Ranck once suggested that this procedure should be called “behavior clamping” since it is logically analogous to the voltage clamp procedure employed to study changes in current uncomplicated by variations in voltage during the occurrence of an action potential.Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    Vanderwolf, C.H., and Ossenkopp, K.-P. (1982). Are there patterns of brain slow wave activity which are specifically related to learning and memory? In: C. Ajmone Marsan and H. Matthies (eds). Neuronal plasticity and memory formation, New York: Raven Press, pp. 25–35.Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    Komisaruk, B. (1970) Synchrony between limbic system theta activity and rhythmical behaviors in rats. Journal of Comparative and Physiological Psychology 70: 482–492.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    Vanderwolf, C.H. (1992) Hippocampal activity, olfaction and sniffing: an olfactory input to the dentate gyrus. Brain Research, 593: 197–208.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    Sainsbury, R.S. (1970). Hippocampal activity during natural behavior in the guinea pig. Physiology and Behavior, 5: 317–324.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. 8.
    Mead, L.A., and Vanderwolf, C.H. (1992). Hippocampal electrical activity in the female rat: the estrous cycle, copulation, parturition, and pup retrieval. Behavioral Brain Research, 50: 105–113.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. 9.
    Bland, B.H., and Vanderwolf, C.H. (1972). Diencephalic and hippocampal mechanisms of motor activity in the rat: Effects of posterior hypothalamic stimulation on behavior and hippocampal slow wave activity. Brain Research, 43: 67–88. Whishaw, I.Q., Bland, B.H., and Vanderwolf, C.H. (1972). Hippocampal activity, behavior, self-stimulation, and heart rate during electrical stimulation of the lateral hypothalamus. Journal of Comparative and Physiological Psychology, 79: 115–127.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. 10.
    Oddie, S.D., & Bland, B.H. (1998). Hipp.ocampal formation theta activity and movement selection. Neuroscience and Biobehavioral Reviews, 22: 221–231.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. 11.
    Bland, B.H., and Vanderwolf, C.H. (1972). Electrical stimulation of the hippocampal formation: Behavioral and bioelectrical effects. Brain Research, 43: 89–106.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. 12.
    Sherrington, C. (1906). The integrative action of the nervous system. New Haven: Yale University Press.Google Scholar
  13. 13.
    Taylor, J. (1958). Selected writings ofJohn Hughlings Jackson, volumes 1 and 2. London: Staples Press.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2003

Authors and Affiliations

  • C. H. Vanderwolf
    • 1
  1. 1.University of Western OntarioLondonCanada

Personalised recommendations