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Nanocrystalline Silicon-Silicon Dioxide Superlattices: Structural and Optical Properties

  • Leonid Tsybeskov
  • David J. Lockwood
Part of the Nanostructure Science and Technology book series (NST)

Abstract

This chapter is focused on the fabrication and characterization of layered Si-based nanostructures, which have been called nanocrystalline silicon (nc-Si)—silicon dioxide superlattices [1]. Among the many semiconducting materials, silicon is one of the most studied and definitely the most important material for commercial microelectronics. During the last several decades, the exponential growth of electronic chip complexity and drastic decrease of transistor dimensions has highlighted new directions in electronic device evolution and the potential applicability of Si nanocrystals for nanoelectronics and integrated light-emitters. The latter was stimulated by the discovery of efficient light emission in different forms of Si nanostructures [2] and by the demonstration of a Si-based light-emitting device prototype integrated into conventional microelectronic circuitry [3]. Hence, the interest in reliable fabrication of Si based nanostructures with control over the nanocrystal size, shape, and crystallographic orientation has been growing continuously over the last decade. Recently, the application of Si nanocrystals in electronic devices was suggested and proved by the demonstration of a Si nanocrystal non-volatile memory and other devices utilizing the Coulomb blockade effect [4, 5].

Keywords

Molecular Beam Epitaxy Crystallographic Orientation Rapid Thermal Annealing Acoustic Phonon Nanocrystal Size 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2003

Authors and Affiliations

  • Leonid Tsybeskov
    • 1
  • David J. Lockwood
    • 2
  1. 1.Department of Electrical and Computer EngineeringNew Jersey Institute of TechnologyNewarkUSA
  2. 2.Institute for Microstructural SciencesNational Research CouncilOttawaCanada

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