Advertisement

Risk Management and the Environment

  • Mark Metcalfe
  • David Sunding
  • David Zilberman
Chapter
Part of the Natural Resource Management and Policy book series (NRMP, volume 23)

Abstract

Environmental and resource management issues have played a major role in agriculture. On the one hand, there is increased awareness of the environmental side effects resulting from agriculture and the problems associated with pollution, depletion of natural resources, and the effects on human and wildlife health caused by farming activities. On the other hand, it has also been realized that farmers are stewards of the land, and their actions contribute to the enhancement of environmental quality and also generate value that is not compensated directly by markets. Both the control of negative externalities as well as the compensation for positive ones are subject to public sector involvement through government policies, and therefore much of the research on the environment and agriculture is policy-driven and provides input for both regulatory action and farmers’ response (Lichtenberg, forthcoming).

Keywords

Risk Management Environmental Quality Expected Profit Risk Management Strategy Optimal Input 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. Babcock, B., E. Lichtenberg, and D. Zilberman. 1992. “Impact of Damage Control and Quality of Output: Estimating Pest Control Effectiveness.” American Journal of Agricultural Economics 74: 163–172.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Bogen, K. 1990. Uncertainty in Environmental Health Risk Assessment. New York: Garland. Byrd, D.M. 1997. “Goodbye Pesticides? The Food Quality Protection Act of 1996.” Regulation (Fall): 57–62.Google Scholar
  3. Byrd, D.M. 1997. “Goodbye Pesticides? The Food Quality Protection Act of 1996.” Regulation (Fall): 57–62.Google Scholar
  4. Caswell, M., E. Lichtenberg, and D. Zilberman. 1990. “The Effects of Pricing Policies on Water Conservation and Drainage.” American Journal of Agricultural Economics 72: 883–890.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Caswell, M., and D. Zilberman. 1986. “The Effects of Well Depth and Land Quality on the Choice of Irrigation Technology.” American Journal of Agricultural Economics 68: 798–811.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. Cropper, M., W. Evans, S. Berardi, M. Ducla-Soares, and P. Portney. 1992. “The Determinants of Pesticide Regulation: A Statistical Analysis of EPA Decision Making.” Journal of Political Economy 100: 175–197.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. Crouch, E., and R. Wilson. 1981. “Regulation of Carcinogens.” Risk Analysis 1: 47–57.Google Scholar
  8. Feder, G. 1977. “The Impact of Uncertainty in a Class of Objective Functions.” Journal of Economic Theory 16: 504–512.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. Feder, G., and G. O’Mara. 1982. “On Information and Innovation Diffusion: A Bayesian Approach.” American Journal of Agricultural Economics 64: 145–147.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. Hanemann, M., E. Lichtenberg, and D. Zilberman. 1989. “Conservation versus Cleanup in Agricultural Drainage Control.” Working Paper No. 88–37, Department of Agricultural and Resource Economics, University of Maryland, College Park.Google Scholar
  11. Harper, C.R., and D. Zilberman. 1992. “Pesticides and Worker Safety.” American Journal of Agricultural Economics 74: 68–78.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. Hochman, E., and D. Zilberman. 1979. “Two-Goal Environmental Policy: An Integration of Micro and Macro ad hoc Decision Rules.” Journal of Environmental Economics and Management 6: 152–174.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. Hueth, D., and U. Regev. 1974. “Optimal Agricultural Pest Management with Increasing Pest Resistance.” American Journal of Agricultural Economics 56: 543–552.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. Innes, R. 2000. “The Economics of Livestock and Its Regulation.” American Journal of Agricultural Economics 82: 97–117.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. Just, R., and R. Pope. 1978. “Stochastic Specification of Production Functions and Economic Implications.” Journal of Econometrics 7: 67–86.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. Just R., and D. Zilberman. 1988. “A Methodology for Evaluating Equity Implications of Environmental Policy Decisions in Agriculture.” Land Economics 64: 37–52.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. Kataoka, S. 1963. “A Stochastic Programming Model.” Econometrica 31: 181–196.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. Khanna, M., and D. Zilberman. 1996. “Incentives, Precision Technology, and Environmental Protection.” Ecological Economics 23: 25–43.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. Lichtenberg, E. Forthcoming. “Agriculture and the Environment.” In B. Gardner and G. Rausser, eds., Handbook of Agricultural Economics. Amsterdam: Elsevier.Google Scholar
  20. Lichtenberg, E., and D. Zilberman. 1986. “The Welfare Economics of Price Supports in U.S. Agriculture.” American Economic Review 76: 1135–1141.Google Scholar
  21. Lichtenberg, E., and D. Zilberman. 1988. “Efficient Regulation of Environmental Health Risks.” Quarterly Journal of Economics 103: 167–178.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. Lichtenberg, E., and D. Zilberman. 1989. “Regulation of Marine Contamination under Environmental Uncertainty: Shellfish Contamination in California.” Marine Resource Economics 4: 211–225.Google Scholar
  23. Lichtenberg, E., D. Zilberman, and K. Bogen. 1989. “Regulating Environmental Health Risks Under Uncertainty: Groundwater Contamination in California.” Journal of Environmental Economics and Management 17: 22–34.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. Marra, M., and G. Carlson. 1987. “The Role of Farm Size and Resource Constraints in the Choice Between Risky Technologies.” Western Journal of Agricultural Economics 12: 109–118.Google Scholar
  25. Metcalfe, M. 2000. “Environmental Regulation and Implications for the U.S. Hog and Pork Industries.” Ph.D. Dissertation, Department of Agricultural and Resource Economics, North Carolina State University.Google Scholar
  26. Metcalfe, M., and D. Zilberman. 2001. “The Environmental Implications of Risk Management in Agriculture.” Working Paper, Department of Agricultural and Resource Economics, University of California, Berkeley.Google Scholar
  27. National Research Council (NRC). 2000. “The Future Role of Pesticides in U.S. Agriculture.” Washington, D.C.: National Academy Press.Google Scholar
  28. Rawlins, S. 1998. “Overview of the Food Quality Protection Act of 1996.” American Farm Bureau Federation, FQPA Briefing Book (July).Google Scholar
  29. Sandmo, A. 1971. “On the Theory of the Competitive Firm Under Price Uncertainty.” American Economic Review 61: 65–73.Google Scholar
  30. Schierow, L. 2000. “FQPA: Origin and Outcome.” Choices (third quarter): 18–20.Google Scholar
  31. Spear, R.C. 1978. “Organophosphate Residue Poisoning Among Agricultural Workers in the U.S.: Towards a Strategy for a Long Term Solution.” CRES Report AS-R-18, Australian National University, Sidney.Google Scholar
  32. Sunding, D., and J. Zivin. 2000. “Insect Population Dynamics, Pesticide Use, and Farmworker Health.” American Journal of Agricultural Economics 82: 527–540.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  33. Tinbergen, J. 1952. On the Theory of Macroeconomic Policy. Amsterdam: North-Holland.Google Scholar
  34. U.S. Environmental Protection Agency. 1999. “EPA State Compendium: Programs and Regulatory Activities Related to Animal Feeding Operations.” U.S. EPA (August).Google Scholar
  35. Wu, J., and B. Babcock. 1996. “Purchase of Environmental Goods from Agriculture.” American Journal of Agricultural Economics 78: 935–945.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  36. Zivin, J., and D. Zilberman. Forthcoming. “Optimal Environmental Health Regulations with Heterogeneous Populations: Treatment versus Tagging.” Journal of Environmental Economics and Management.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2002

Authors and Affiliations

  • Mark Metcalfe
    • 1
  • David Sunding
    • 1
  • David Zilberman
    • 1
  1. 1.University of CaliforniaBerkeleyUSA

Personalised recommendations