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Transformation of Shocks in Laminated and Porous Materials

  • Vitali F. Nesterenko
Chapter
Part of the High-Pressure Shock Compression of Condensed Matter book series (SHOCKWAVE)

Abstract

Impulse transformation in laminates and porous materials has important practical applications connected with impact and blast mitigation. The investigation of strong shock-wave dynamics in laminar media is focused mainly on two important aspects. One is wave transformation, for example, attenuation or amplification of the shock amplitude as a function of the laminar system structure. Zababakhin [1965], [1970] predicted that as the layer thickness continuously decreased with distance for a one-dimensional system of alternating materials with different densities, the phenomenon of unlimited cumulation of the shock wave could be obtained. This was a first demonstration of unrestricted cumulation which is not related to the centripetal motion of matter. Later, this tendency was numerically and experimentally confirmed (Kozyrev, Kostyleva, and Ryazanov [1969]; Ogarkov, Purygin, and Samylov [1969]; Fowles [1979]). The successful application of this idea was demonstrated by the launching of the thin titanium plate to velocities of 16 km/s using a multiply graded-density impactor with increasing shock impedance from the impact surface in sequence TPX-plastic, magnesium, aluminum, titanium, copper, and tantalum (Chhabildas, Kmetyk, Reinhard, and Hall [1996]). This system tailors the time-dependent stress pulse to launch the flier plate intact by using a precisely controlled thickness of each layer.

Keywords

Shock Wave Particle Velocity Detonation Product Explosive Charge Laminar Material 
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Authors and Affiliations

  • Vitali F. Nesterenko
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Mechanical and Aerospace EngineeringUniversity of California at San DiegoLa JollaUSA

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