## Abstract

In order to discuss the convective heat transfer in the context of its applications in multiphase systems with or without phase change and reaction, and in order to allow for the *analysis* of the convective heat transfer at the *molecular, phase*, and *multiphase* scales, this chapter reviews some of the preliminaries needed for the discussions in the following chapters. It begins with the spectrum of applications and length scales and after a short review of the historical contributions to the field, gives the scope of the monograph. The various molecular and continuum aspects of the thermophysical properties, phase transitions, and multiphase flows are discussed. The analysis of the convective heat transfer in multiphase systems is addressed beginning with the conservation equations for the *most elementary, continuum* volume and then moving to the volume averaging over phases. The extent of the *rigor* in the treatment of the multiphase flow and heat transfer, the applied *approximations* and *simplifications*, and the practical, *semiempirical models*, are addressed. The objective of this treatise, which is an examination of both the convective heat transfer *within* a medium and that *across* the interfaces of the various phases, as well as the *influence* of the heat transfer on the fluid motion, is discussed at the end of this chapter.

## Keywords

Heat Transfer Convective Heat Transfer Heat Mass Transfer Multiphase Flow Bubble Nucleation## Preview

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