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Cardiac Surgery in the Elderly

  • Margarita T. Camacho
  • Konstadinos A. Plestis
  • Jeffrey P. Gold

Abstract

As the elderly population steadily rises each year, so does the number of patients referred for cardiac surgical procedures. The U.S. Census Bureau predicted that at least 6.2% of the United States population would be more than 80 years of age by the year 2000.1 Recent statistical actuarial data demonstrate that an individual aged 80 can expect to live an additional 8.1 years.2 A formidable challenge facing cardiologists and cardiac surgeons is the appropriate treatment of the 40% of a growing elderly population that suffers from symptomatic cardiovascular disease.3 The morbidity and mortality associated with cardiac surgical procedures in the elderly has substantially decreased since the late 1980s,4 although it is still somewhat higher than that of younger counterparts less than 75 years of age.5,6 Reports of acceptable mortality rates and improved long-term quality of life justify cardiac operations in most symptomatic elderly patients. Only recently have large studies focused on risk analyses and outcomes in an effort to provide the clinician with as much evidence-based literature as possible to make the most appropriate decisions for many of these complex elderly patients.

Keywords

Mitral Valve Coronary Artery Bypass Valve Replacement Aortic Valve Replacement Mitral Valve Replacement 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2001

Authors and Affiliations

  • Margarita T. Camacho
  • Konstadinos A. Plestis
  • Jeffrey P. Gold

There are no affiliations available

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