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Hypoxia pp 293-304 | Cite as

Proton-gated cation channels — neuronal acid sensors in the central and peripheral nervous system

  • Rainer Waldmann
Part of the Advances in Experimental Medicine and Biology book series (AEMB, volume 502)

Abstract

Metabolic hyperactivity or limited oxygen supply can cause a decrease of tissue pH. Severe tissue acidosis that accompanies ischemia and most forms of inflammation is painful and sensory neurons respond to acidic tissue pH with increased firing. H+-gated cation channels in sensory nerve endings are thought to be responsible for the activation of nociceptive afferents by acid. The members of one family of recently identified H+-gated cation channels (ASICs, Acid Sensing Ion Channels) are candidates for the acid sensor in sensory nerve endings. Certain ASIC subunits are also or exclusively expressed in neurons of the central nervous system (CNS) where the role of those cation channels is as for yet unknown. Neuronal activity is accompanied by pH fluctuations and the widespread expression of ASIC channels throughout the CNS suggests that activation of those ion channels by local acidic transients might play a role in neurotransmission or neuromodulation.

Key words

ASIC channels nociception sensory neurons neurotransmission 

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2001

Authors and Affiliations

  • Rainer Waldmann
    • 1
  1. 1.Institut de Pharmacologie Moléculaire et Cellulaire - CNRSSophia-AntipolisValbonneFrance

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