Composite Materials Based on Gelatin and Fillers from Renewable Resources

Thermal and Mechanical Properties
  • Emo Chiellini
  • Patrizia Cinelli
  • Elizabeth Grillo Fernandes
  • El-Refaie Kenawy
  • Andrea Lazzeri


Scraps of animal gelatin (WG), generated in pharmaceutical industry, were filmed by casting of water suspensions. To improve consistence of the films, gelatin scraps were blended with a synthetic biodegradable polymer such as poly(vinyl alcohol) (PVA) and fillers from renewable resources such as sugar cane bagasse (SCB) that is the lignocellulosic residue derived from sugar cane juice extraction. Glutaraldehyde was used as crosslinking agent to improve water resistance. In order to investigate the interactions among the components and the effect of composition on properties of the final items, thermal, thermomechanical and mechanical properties of some composite films based on WG, PVA and SCB were investigated.


Differential Scanning Calorimetry Ultimate Tensile Strength Sugar Cane Bagasse Thermal Gravimetric Analysis Differential Scanning Calorimetry Analysis 


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2001

Authors and Affiliations

  • Emo Chiellini
    • 1
  • Patrizia Cinelli
    • 1
  • Elizabeth Grillo Fernandes
    • 1
  • El-Refaie Kenawy
    • 2
  • Andrea Lazzeri
    • 3
  1. 1.Department of Chemistry and Industrial ChemistryUniversity of PisaPisaItaly
  2. 2.Department of Chemistry, Faculty of ScienceUniversity of TantaTantaEgypt
  3. 3.Department of Chemical Engineering, Industrial Chemistry and Material ScienceUniversity of PisaPisaItaly

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