Biodegradation of the Blends of Atactic Poly[(R,S)-3-hydroxybutanoic Acid] in Natural Environments

  • Maria Rutkowska
  • Katarzyna Krasowska
  • Aleksandra Heimowska
  • Marek Kowalczuk


The paper presents a part of the results of the biodegradation of the blends of natural poly(3-hydroxybutyrate-co-3-hydroxyvalerate) and atactic poly[(R,S)-3-hydroxybutanoic] acid or natural poly [(R)-3-hydroxybutanoic acid] in natural environments such as a compost containing active sludge and under marine exposure conditions in sea water.


Active Sludge Polymer Sample Marine Pollution Bulletin Compost Pile Polish Standard 
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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2001

Authors and Affiliations

  • Maria Rutkowska
    • 1
  • Katarzyna Krasowska
    • 1
  • Aleksandra Heimowska
    • 1
  • Marek Kowalczuk
    • 2
  1. 1.Gdynia Maritime AcademyGdyniaPoland
  2. 2.Centre of Polymer ChemistryPolish Academy of SciencesZabrzePoland

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