Biodegradation of the Blends of Atactic Poly[(R,S)-3-hydroxybutanoic Acid] in Natural Environments

  • Maria Rutkowska
  • Katarzyna Krasowska
  • Aleksandra Heimowska
  • Marek Kowalczuk


The paper presents a part of the results of the biodegradation of the blends of natural poly(3-hydroxybutyrate-co-3-hydroxyvalerate) and atactic poly[(R,S)-3-hydroxybutanoic] acid or natural poly [(R)-3-hydroxybutanoic acid] in natural environments such as a compost containing active sludge and under marine exposure conditions in sea water.


Active Sludge Polymer Sample Marine Pollution Bulletin Compost Pile Polish Standard 


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. 1.
    Doi, Y. 1990, Microbial Polyesters, VCH Publishers New YorkGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    Scandola, M., Focarete, M. L., Adamus, G., Sikorska, W., Baranowska, I., Swierczek, S., Gnatowski., Kowalczuk, M., Jedlinski, Z., 1997, Polymer Blends of Natural Poly(3-Hydroxybutyrate-co-3-Hydroxyvalerate) and Synthetic Atactic Poly(3-Hydroxybutyrate). Characteryzation and Biodegradation studies, Macromolecules 30: 2568CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    Focarte, M. L., Ceccorulli, G., Scandola, M., Kowalczuk, M. 1998, Futher evidence of crystallinity-induced biodegradation of synthetic atactic poly(3-hydroxybutyrate) by PHB-depolymerase A from Pseudomonas lemoignei. Blends of atactic poly[(R,S)-3 hydroxybutyratel with crystalline polyesters, Macromolecules 31: 8485CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    Scandola, M., Focarete, M. L., Gazzano, M., Matuszowicz, A., Sikorska, W., Adamus, G., Kurccok, P., Kowalczuk, M., Jedlinski, Z., 1997, Crystallinity-Induced Biodegradation of Novel [(R, S)-Butyrolaktone]-ß-Pivalolactone Copolymers, Macromolecules 30: 7743CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    Pruter, A., 1987, Sources, Quantities and Distribution of Persistent Plastics in the Marine Environment, Marine Pollution Bulletin 18(6B): 305–310CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    Laist, D., 1987, Overview of the Biological Effects of Lost and Discarded Plastic Derbis in the Marine Environment, Marine Pollution Bulletin 18(6B): 319–326CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    Doi, Y., Kanesawa, Y., Tanahashi, N., Kumagai, Y., 1992, Biodegradation of microbial polyesters in the marine environment, Polymer Degradation and Stability 36: 173–177CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. 8.
    Jedlinski, Z.; Kurcok, P.; Lenz, R. W., 1995, Synthesis of potentially biodegradable polymers, J. Macromol. Sci. Pure Appl. Chem. A32: 797CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. 9.
    Polish Standard: BN-88/91103–07Google Scholar
  10. 10.
    Polish Standard: PN-82/C-04616.08Google Scholar
  11. 11.
    Lenz, W.R., 1993, Biodegradable polymers, In Advances in Polymer Science Vol. 107, Springer-Velay Berlin Heidelberg, pp. 1–40Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2001

Authors and Affiliations

  • Maria Rutkowska
    • 1
  • Katarzyna Krasowska
    • 1
  • Aleksandra Heimowska
    • 1
  • Marek Kowalczuk
    • 2
  1. 1.Gdynia Maritime AcademyGdyniaPoland
  2. 2.Centre of Polymer ChemistryPolish Academy of SciencesZabrzePoland

Personalised recommendations