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Circulation Changes in Europe since the 1780s

  • Jucundus Jacobeit
  • Phil Jones
  • Trevor Davies
  • Christoph Beck
Chapter

Abstract

Climatic variability and changes are inherently linked with variability and changes in the atmospheric circulation, the latter comprising causes as well as effects of the former (Hupfer, 1991). Therefore, climate research should always include investigations on the behaviour of the circulation. This is valid within an historical perspective. In view of possible changes in climate that might be expected in the near future due to anthropogenic greenhouse gas forcing, it is of crucial importance to learn about natural variabilities in climate and atmospheric circulation through the extension of empirical research into the historical past.

Keywords

Circulation Pattern North Atlantic Oscillation North Atlantic Oscillation Index Circulation Change Circulation Type 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2001

Authors and Affiliations

  • Jucundus Jacobeit
    • 1
  • Phil Jones
    • 2
  • Trevor Davies
    • 2
  • Christoph Beck
    • 1
  1. 1.Institute of GeographyUniversity of WürzburgGermany
  2. 2.Climatic Research UnitUniversity of East AngliaUK

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