The Struggle Against Female Genital Mutilation/Female Circumcision

The European Experience
  • Els Leye


The number of immigrants in Europe from African communities affected by female genital mutilation (FGM) is unknown. Several European countries developed activities to combat FGM on four levels: European policy, health care, academic, and community. The European Network towards the Prevention of FGM has been set up to coordinate activities at all levels. The European Network aims to: (1) exchange information and experiences at the community level; (2) harmonize various training guidelines for health professionals and guidelines for caring of women with FGM; and (3) harmonize research efforts in Europe. The outcomes of the first year of the European Network are: (1) a draft of a manual for a “model of good practice;” (2) a framework to develop training guidelines for health care professionals and a framework to develop guidelines for caring of women with FGM; and (3) an agenda with research priorities on FGM, focusing on the European context.


Asylum Seeker Child Protection Female Genital Mutilation Penal Code European Union Member State 


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2001

Authors and Affiliations

  • Els Leye
    • 1
  1. 1.International Centre for Reproductive Health (ICRH)Ghent UniversityBelgium

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