• Johan Huijsing
Part of the The Kluwer International Series in Engineering and Computer Science book series (SECS, volume 605)


This chapter describes a number of general applications suitable for quantifying the requirements of universal active devices or Operational Amplifiers. The transfer of each example is described by a matrix containing, firstly, one or more nominal values, and secondly, error terms having low values. The nominal values are determined by the circuit configuration and by the gain-setting passive components in the circuit. The error terms are determined by the non-idealities of the active devices as discussed in Chapter 2. Each of the error terms can be relatively easily expressed as a sum of errors caused by:
  • firstly, the non-zero input voltage;

  • secondly, the non-zero input current;

  • thirdly, if the input port is floating, the CM input current; and

  • fourthly, if the output port is floating, the non-zero CM output current.


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht 2001

Authors and Affiliations

  • Johan Huijsing
    • 1
  1. 1.Delft University of TechnologyThe Netherlands

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