Our purpose now is to put algebra and topology to work together. For instance, from algebra we get the notion of finite sums (either ordinary or direct sums of vectors, linear manifolds, or linear transformations), and from topology the notion of convergent sequences. If algebraic and topological structures are suitably laid on the same underlying set, then we may consider the concept of infinite sums and convergent series. More importantly, as continuity plays a central role in the theory of topological spaces, and linear transformation plays a central role in the theory of linear spaces, when algebra and topology are properly combined they yield the concept of continuous linear transformation; the very central theme of this book.
KeywordsBanach Space Linear Space Normed Space Topological Vector Space Linear Manifold
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