Advertisement

Ethnic Issues

  • Roberta D. Baer
  • Janice Nichols

Abstract

Rural areas of the United States were once more homogeneous than more urban areas, which were the destination of incoming immigrants. This pattern is changing for several reasons. One is the increased number of immigrants in general. The second is the growing number and diversity of migrant farmworkers, who bring to rural areas cultural practices quite different from those of the majority population. Increasingly, health care workers in these areas will encounter this diversity and be forced to adapt their approaches to deal effectively with these new and different populations. This chapter will examine the situation in one of the areas of the United States that remains the most rural, the South.

Keywords

Sweet Potato Health Belief Home Remedy Food Practice Migrant Farmworker 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. Algert, S. J., & Ellison, T. H.,(1989). Mexican American food practices, customs, and holidays. Ameri-can Dietetic Association and American Diabetes Association.Google Scholar
  2. Bade, B. L. (1994). Sweatbaths, sacrifice and surgery: The practice of transmedical health care by Mixtec migrant families in California. Unpublished doctoral dissertation, University of California, Riverside, CA.Google Scholar
  3. Baer, R. D. (1996). Health and Mental Health among Mexican American Immigrants: Implications for Survey Research. Human Organization, 55 (1), 58–66.Google Scholar
  4. Baer, R. D., Alfonso, M., Cuenca, K. J., Gilbertson, T., Kealy, E., & Lehmann, H. (1997). Dietary change in participants in the St. Joseph’s Home Visitor Program: Some suggestions on approaches. ( A report to the Home Visitor Program,) Tampa, FL: St. Joseph’s Hospital.Google Scholar
  5. Baer, R. D., & Bustillo, M. (1998). Caida de mollera among children of Mexican Migrants: Implications for the study of folk illnesses. Medical Anthropology Quarterly, 12 (2), 241–249.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. Bibb, A., & Casimir, G. J. (1996). Haitian families. In M. McGoldrick, J. Giordano, & J. K. Pearce (Eds.), Ethnicity and family therapy ( 2nd ed. ) (pp. 97–111 ). New York: Guilford Press.Google Scholar
  7. Bloch, B. (1983). Nursing care of black patients. In M. Orgue et al. (Eds.), Ethnic nursing care (pp. 81113 ) St Louis: C.V. Mosby.Google Scholar
  8. Burke, C. B., & Raia, S. P. (1995). Soul and traditional southern food practices, customs, and holidays. Diabetes Care and Education, Dietetic Practice Group of the American Dietetic Association.Google Scholar
  9. Burns, A. F. (1993). Maya in exile: Guatemalans in Florida. Philadelphia: Temple University Press.Google Scholar
  10. Civan, M. B. (1994). The Haitians: Their history and culture. Washington, DC: The Refugee Service Center, Center for Applied Linguistics.Google Scholar
  11. Cobb, J. C. (1984). Industrialization and Southern society 1877–1984. Chicago: Dorsey Press.Google Scholar
  12. Cosminsky, S. (1975). Changing food and medical beliefs and practices in a Guatemalan community. Ecology of Food and Nutrition, 4, 183–191.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. de Paula, T., Lagana, K., & Gonzalez-Ramirez, L. (1995). Mexican Americans. In J. G. Lipson, S. L. Dibble, & P. A. Minarik (Eds.), Culture and nursing care: A pocket guide. San Francisco: UCSF Nursing Press.Google Scholar
  14. Dressler, W. W. (1991). Stress and adaptation in the context of culture: Depression in a Southern black community. Albany, NY: State University of New York Press.Google Scholar
  15. Flynt, J. W. (1979). Dixie’s forgotten people: The South’s poor whites. Bloomington and London: Indiana University Press.Google Scholar
  16. Frank, M. S. (1990). Southern Black (soul food) food traditions. In L. S. Lieberman & L. B. Bobroff (Eds.), Cultural food patterns of Florida (pp. 2531 ). Gainesville, FL: Cooperative Extension Service, University of Florida.Google Scholar
  17. Freedman, T. (1998). Why don’t they come to Pike Street and ask us: Black American women’s health concerns. Social Science and Medicine, 47 (7), 941–947.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. Giordano, J., & McGoldrick, M. (1996). European families: An overview. In M. McGoldrick, J. Giordano, & J. K. Pearce (Eds.), Ethnicity and family therapy ( 2nd ed. ) (pp. 427–441 ). New York: Guilford Press.Google Scholar
  19. Grieshop, J. (1997). Transnational and transformational: Mixtec immigration and health beliefs. Human organization, 56 (4), 400–407.Google Scholar
  20. Griffin, F. N. U. (1994). Perceptions of African American women regarding health care. Journal of Cultural Diversity, 1 (2), 32–35.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  21. Hall, A. L., & Bourne, P. G. (1973). Indigenous therapists in a Southern black urban community. Archives of General Psychiatry, 28, 137–142.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. Hollingsworth, J. (1994, November). I have a right to my baby. Tampa Tribune, pp. 1–2.Google Scholar
  23. Kearney, M., & Nagengast, C. (1989). Anthropological perspectives on transnational communities in rural California (Working paper no. 3 ). Davis: California Institute for Rural Studies, Working Group on Farm Labor and Rural Poverty.Google Scholar
  24. Kleinman, A., Eisenberg, L., & Good, B. (1978). Culture, illness, and care: Clinical lessons from anthropological and cross-cultural research. Annals of Internal Medicaine, 88, 251–258.Google Scholar
  25. Laguerre, M. (1981). Haitian Americans. In A. Harwood (Ed.), Ethnicity and medical care (pp. 172–210 ). Harvard University Press. Cambridge.Google Scholar
  26. Lassiter, S. M. (1998). Cultures of color in America: A guide to family, religion, and health. Westport, CT: Greenwood Press.Google Scholar
  27. Mata, L. (1995). The Santa Maria cauque study: Health and survival of Mayan Indians under deprivation, Guatemala. In N. S. Scrimshaw (Ed.), Community-based longitudinal nutrition and health studies: Classical examples from Guatemala, Haiti, and Mexico (pp. 29–78 ). Boston: International Foundation for Developing Countries.Google Scholar
  28. McGill, D., & Pearce, J. (1982). British families. In M. McGoldrick & J. Pearce (Eds.), Ethnicity and family therapy (1st ed.) (pp. 457–479 ). New York: Guilford Press.Google Scholar
  29. McVea, K. L. S. P. (1997). Lay injection practices among migrant farmworkers in the age of AIDS: Evolution of a biomedical folk practice. Social Science and Medicine, 45 (1), 91–98.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  30. Miralles, M. A. (1989). A matter of life and death: Health-seeking behavior of Guatemalan refugees in South Florida. New York: AMS Press.Google Scholar
  31. Mydans, S. (1995, August 24). A new wave of immigrants on farming’s lowest rung. New York Times, p. Al.Google Scholar
  32. Nagengast, C., & Kearney, M. (1990). Mixtec ethnicity: Social identity, political consciousness, and political activism. Latin American Research Review, 25 (2), 61–91.Google Scholar
  33. Randell-David, E. W. (1985). Mama always said: The transmission of health care beliefs among three generations of rural black women. (Unpublished doctoral dissertation, University of Florida), Gainsville, FL.Google Scholar
  34. Runsten, D., & Kearney, M. (1994). A survey of Oaxacan village networks in California agriculture. Davis: California Institute of Rural Studies.Google Scholar
  35. Schoenberg, N. E. (1994). Dietary adherence among rural African-American elders with hypertension: An ethnographic approach. Unpublished doctoral dissertation, University of Florida, Gainsville, FL.Google Scholar
  36. Schreiber, J., & Homiak, J. (1981). Mexican Americans. In A. Harwood (Ed.), Ethnicity and medical care (pp. 264–336 ). Cambridge: Harvard University Press.Google Scholar
  37. Scott, A. F. (1970). The Southern lady: From pedestal to politics 1830–1930. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.Google Scholar
  38. Snow, L. F. (1993). Walkin’ over medicine. San Francisco: Westview Press.Google Scholar
  39. Sproles, J. A. (1990). Haitian food traditions. In L. S. Lieberman & L. B. Bobroff (Eds.), Cultural food patterns of Florida: A handbook (pp. 86–89 ). Gainesville: Florida Cooperative Extension Service.Google Scholar
  40. Stans, S. E. (1990). Florida cracker food tradition. In L. S. Lieberman & L. B. Bobroff (Eds.), Cultural food patterns of Florida: A handbook (pp. 19–24 ). Gainesville: Florida Cooperative Extension Service.Google Scholar
  41. Stephen, L. (1996). The creation and re-creation of ethnicity: Lessons from the Zapotec and Mixtec of Oaxaca. Latin American Perspectives, 23 (2), 17–37.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  42. Stepick, A., & Portes, A. (1986). Flight into despair: A profile of recent Haitian refugees in South Florida. International Migration Review, 20 (2), 329–350.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  43. Tedlock, B. (1982). Time and the highland Maya, Albu- querque: NM: University of New Mexico Press.Google Scholar
  44. Trotter, R. (1985). Greta and Azarcon. Human Organization, 44 (1), 64–72.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  45. Vlach, N. (1992). The Quetzal in flight: Guatemalan refugee families in the United States. Westport, CT: Praeger.Google Scholar
  46. Weidman, H. & Egeland, J. (1978). Miami health ecology project: A statement on ethnicity and health. Miami: University of Miami Press.Google Scholar
  47. Zabin, C. (1995). Mixtecs and Mestizos in California agriculture: Ethnic displacement and hierarchy among Mexican farm workers. In M. P. Smith (Ed.), Marginal spaces (pp. 113–143 ). New Brunswick, NJ: Transaction Publishers.Google Scholar
  48. Zabin, C., Kearney, M., Garcia, A., Runsten, D., & Nagengast, C. (1993). A new cycle of poverty: Mixtec migrants in California agriculture. Davis: California Institute for Rural Studies.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2001

Authors and Affiliations

  • Roberta D. Baer
    • 1
  • Janice Nichols
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of AnthropologyUniversity of South FloridaTampaUSA

Personalised recommendations