The Hamburg Experience

Providing Services in War-Torn Environments
  • Mary Beth Williams
  • Lasse A. Nurmi
Part of the The Plenum Series on Stress and Coping book series (SSSO)


Directors/representatives of 66 programs, 32 of which were outside the United States, answered the protocol questions found in Appendix II or sent information to the authors to be used in the descriptions provided in this volume. Those individuals either provided information about or discussed their centers’ missions, philosophies, theory bases, and visions of an ideal center and whether the centers worked with sexual abuse survivors, refugees, asylum seekers, disaster victims, battered women, or other survivor groups. Some centers demonstrated that they were “on the way” to meeting what the directors/representatives considered to be “ideal.” Others struggled to find funding, to provide minimal services under difficult (if not horrible) conditions of poverty, lack of safety, and personal risk, and “just” to survive.


Trauma Center Asylum Seeker Battered Woman Ideal Center Intensive Case Management 
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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2001

Authors and Affiliations

  • Mary Beth Williams
    • 1
  • Lasse A. Nurmi
    • 2
  1. 1.Trauma Recovery Education and Conseling CenterWarrentonUSA
  2. 2.Police College of FinlandEspooFinland

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