Hopefully, by now you have a good understanding of waves propagating in space and in materials, including reflection and transmission at interfaces. Although not mentioned often enough, there were a number of assumptions implicit in this type of propagation. The most important was the fact that only plane waves were treated. In most cases, we also assumed the waves only propagate forward from the source, although reflections from interfaces cause waves to also propagate backward toward the source and these were treated in Chapter 13. While the existence of interfaces complicates treatment, it also allows for applications such as radar to be feasible. If we were to summarize the previous two chapters in a few words, we would say that all wave phenomena were treated in essentially infinite space; that is, plane waves were not restricted in space except for the occasional interface.
KeywordsReflection Coefficient Transmission Line Characteristic Impedance Line Parameter Coaxial Line
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