Advertisement

Database Organization and Similarity Searching with E-State Indices

  • Lemond B. Kier
  • Llowell H. Hall
Part of the Mathematical and Computational Chemistry book series (MACC)

Abstract

Any approach to the quantitation of atoms or fragments within a molecule must be built upon the context and their relationships operating within this complex system. We can view each atom present in a molecule as existing in a field within a molecule in which all other atoms share and participate. The methyl group in the toluene molecule is different from the methyl group in acetic acid by virtue of its different molecular environment and connectivity, in spite of its intrinsic state as a methyl group. Quantifying the methyl group requires both an identity as a methyl group and it’s relationship to all other atoms present in the molecule in which it resides. The influence of all other atoms present in the toluene molecule makes the methyl group unique relative to other methyl groups in all other possible molecules which include a methyl group. There are also intrinsic characteristics of the methyl group which transcend its molecular context. These inner characteristics must be identified in order to correctly describe this molecular fragment in a quantitative way. We consider each of these characteristics in turn.

Keywords

Chlorine Atom Similarity Searching Lone Pair Electron Atom Type Ortho Position 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. 1.
    L. B. Kier and L. H. Hall, Molecular Connectivity in Chemistry and Drug Research, Academic Press, New York (1976).Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    L. B. Kier and L. H. Hall, J. Pharm. Sci., 70, 583 (1981).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    R. S. Mulliken, J. Chem. Phys., 2, 782 (1934).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    J. Hinze and H. H. Jaffe, J. Am. Chem. Soc., 84, 540 (1962).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    L. B. Kier and L. H. Hall, Pharm. Res., 7, 801 (1990).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    L. H. Hall and L. B. Kier, J. Chem. Inf. Comput. Sci., 31, 76 (1991).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    L. H. Hall and L. B. Kier, Quant. Struct-Act. Relat., 10, 43 (1991).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. 8.
    L. B. Kier, L. H. Hall and J. W. Frazer, J. Math. Chem., 7, 229 (1992).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. 9.
    L. B. Kier and L. H. Hall, Molecular Structure Description: The Electrotopological State, Academic Press, San Diego, (1999).Google Scholar
  10. 10.
    L. H. hall and L. B. Kier, J. Chem. Inf. and Comp. Sci., 35, 1039 (1995).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. 11.
    MOLCONN-Z may be obtained from Hall Associates Consulting, 2 Davis Street, Quincy, MA; SciVision Inc., 128 Spring Street, Lexington, MA 02173; Edusoft, LC, PO Box 1811, Ashland, VA 23005; and Tripos, Inc., 1699 South Hanley Road, St. Louis, MO 63144.Google Scholar
  12. 12.
    L. H. Hall, L. B. Kier and B. B. Brown, J. Chem. Inf. Comput. Sci., 35, 1074 (1995).CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2001

Authors and Affiliations

  • Lemond B. Kier
    • 1
  • Llowell H. Hall
    • 2
  1. 1.Department of Medicinal ChemistryVirginia Commonwealth UniversityRichmondUSA
  2. 2.Department of ChemistryEastern Nazarene CollegeQuincyUSA

Personalised recommendations