The Impact and Organization of Publicly-Funded Research and Development in the European Community

  • Maryann P. Feldman
  • Frank R. Lichtenberg


This paper examines R&D activities in the European Community using several Community R&D Information Service (CORDIS) databases. We find that a country’s private companies tend to be specialized in the same scientific fields as its universities and public organizations. In addition, we construct indicators of the degree of R&D tacitness and find that greater expected ability to communicate research outcomes encourages less centralized R&D programs. Programs that yield tangible results are less geographically and administratively centralized. The more that research leads to codifiable knowledge, the less centralized R&D activity needs to be.


American Economic Review Scientific Field Public Organization Patent Citation Service Company 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. Acs, Zoltan J., David B. Audretsch, Maryann P. Feldman (1992). — “Real Effects of Academic Research: Comment”, American Economic Review, 82(1), pp. 363–367.Google Scholar
  2. Acs, Zoltan J., David B. Audretsch, Maryann P. Feldman(1994). — “R&D Spillovers and Recipient Firm Size”, Review of Economics and Statistics, 76, (2), pp. 336–340.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Adams, J. (1990). — “Fundamental Stocks of Knowledge and Productivity Growth”, Journal of Political Economy, 98, pp. 673–702.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Adams, James, Griliches, Z. (1996). — “Measuring Science: An Exploration”, Working Paper #5478, National Bureau of Economic Research. Google Scholar
  5. Archibugi, D., Pianta, M. (1992). — “The Technological Specialization of Advanced Countries”, Boston: Kluwer Academic Publishers.Google Scholar
  6. Audretsch, D. B., Feldman, M. P. (1996). — “R&D Spillovers and the Geography of Innovation and Production”, American Economic Review, 86, pp. 630–640.Google Scholar
  7. Cohen, W., Florida, R., Goe, W. R. (1994). — “University-Industry Research Centers”, Pittsburgh: Carnegie Mellon University.Google Scholar
  8. Feldman, M. P., Florida, R. (1994). — “The Geographic Sources of Innovation: Technological Infrastructure and Product Innovation in the United States”, Annals of the Association of American Geographers, 84, pp. 210–229.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. Henderson, Rebecca (1994). — “Managing Innovation in the Information Age”, Harvard Business Review, 72, pp. 100–5.Google Scholar
  10. Jaffe, Adam B. (1989). — “Real Effects of Academic Research”, American Economic Review, 79, (5), pp. 957–970.Google Scholar
  11. Jaffe, Adam B., Tajtenberg, M., Henderson, R. (1993). — “Geographic Localization of Knowledge Spillovers as Evidenced by Patent Citations”, Quarterly Journal of Economics, 63, (3), pp. 577–598.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. Levin, R. C, Klevorick, A. K., Nelson, R. R., Winter, S. G. (1987). — “Appropriating the Returns from Industrial Research and Development”, Brookings Papers on Economic Activity, pp. 783–820.Google Scholar
  13. Lichtenberg, F. (1988). — “The Private R&D Investment Response to Federal Design and Technical Competitions”, American Economic Review, 78, (3), pp. 550–9.Google Scholar
  14. Lichtenberg, F. (1987). — “The Effect of Government Funding on Private Industrial Research and Development: A Re-Assessment”, Journal of Industrial Economics, 36, (1).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. Lichtenberg, F. (1984). — “The Relationship Between Federal Contract R&D and Company R&D”, American Economic Review, 74, (2).Google Scholar
  16. Mansfield, E. (1995). — “Academic Research Underlying Industrial Innovations: Sources, Characteristics, and Financing”, The Review of Economics and Statistics, 11, pp. 55–65.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. National Science Board (1996). — Science and Engineering Indicators, Washington, D.C.: Government Printing Office.Google Scholar
  18. Porter, M. (1990). — The Competitive Advantage of Nations, New York: Free Press.Google Scholar
  19. Von Hipple, E. (1994). — “Sticky Information and the Locus of Problem Solving: Implications for Innovation”, Management Science, 40, pp. 429–439.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. Zucker, L., Darby, M., Armstrong, J. (1994). — “Intellectual Capital and the Firm: The Technology of Geographically Localized Knowledge Spillovers”, Working Paper #4946, National Bureau of Economic Research, Cambridge, MA.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht 2000

Authors and Affiliations

  • Maryann P. Feldman
    • 1
  • Frank R. Lichtenberg
    • 2
  1. 1.Institute for Policy StudiesJohns Hopkins UniversityUSA
  2. 2.National Bureau of Economic ResearchColumbia UniversityUSA

Personalised recommendations