Following animal studies demonstrating the feasibility of stent implantation in pulmonary arteries and systemic veins1, the first stents in a pediatric patient were implanted in a patient with branch pulmonary artery stenosis in 1989. Over the last 10 years stents have proven to be among the most significant advances in transcatheter therapy of congenital heart disease. Stents are now the treatment of choice for many branch pulmonary artery and systemic venous stenoses and an accepted form of palliation for conduit or homograft stenoses. Stents are also being used with increasing frequency in native and post-operative coarctation of the aorta. In addition, they have been used in left and right ventricular outflow tract obstruction, aortopulmonary collaterals, shunts, and in pulmonary vein stenosis. Stents have also been used to maintain patency of atrial and ventricular septal defects and of the patent ductus arteriosus2–6.
KeywordsPulmonary Artery Congenital Heart Disease Stent Implantation Pulmonary Vein Stenosis Stent Fracture
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