PTA and Stenting of Subclavian and Innominate Arteries
Following successful percutaneous transluminal angioplasty (PTA) of the aortoiliac and renal arteries, multiple reports of PTA in the vertebral, carotid, innominate, and subclavian arteries appeared in the radiology literature. The first report of subclavian artery angioplasty in the European literature was by Mathias et al.,1 and in the United States a single case was reported by Backman et al.,2 both in 1980. Multiple patient studies of vertebral, carotid, and subclavian artery angioplasty were reported by my group.3,4 Other notable interventionists such as Sundt et al. and Vitek et al. simultaneously helped advance support for brachiocephalic PTA with strong experimental and clinical research.5–7
KeywordsVertebral Artery Subclavian Artery Left Subclavian Artery Innominate Artery Subclavian Steal Syndrome
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