## Abstract

When a structure is subjected to uniaxial tension, the transverse dimensions decrease (the structure undergoes lateral contractions) while simultaneously elongating in the direction of the applied load. This was illustrated in the previous chapter through the phenomenon called necking. For stresses within the proportionality limit, the results of uniaxial tension and compression experiments suggest that the ratio of deformations occurring in the axial and lateral directions is constant. For a given material, this constant is called the Consider the rectangular bar with dimensions

*Poisson’s ratio*and is commonly denoted by the symbol*ν*(nu):$$\nu = - \frac{{{\text{lateral strain}}}}{\begin{gathered}{\text{axial strain}} \hfill \\\hfill \\\end{gathered} }$$

*a, b*, and*c*shown in Figure 8.1. To be able to differentiate strains involved in different directions, a rectangular coordinate system is adopted. The bar is subjected to tensile forces of magnitude*F*_{x}in the*x*direction that induces a tensile stress*a*_{x}(Figure 8.2).## Keywords

Shear Stress Normal Stress Maximum Shear Stress Neutral Axis Material Element
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

## Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

## Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 1999