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Cloacal Exstrophy

Experience with 41 Cases from 1976–1997
  • W. Hardy Hendren
  • Robert E. Gross
  • Dennis P. Lund
Chapter

Abstract

Cloacal exstrophy is one of the most formidable challenges in the field of pediatric surgery. It is said to occur with an incidence of 1 in 200,000,1 to 1 in 400,000 live births.2 Thus, in the United States with a birth rate of about 3 million per year, there should be at most only 1 to 2 dozen such babies who are live born each year. It would seem prudent, therefore, that the treatment of these complex problems be directed to a limited number of centers where there are surgeons with special interest in caring for these relatively rare problems.

Keywords

Bladder Neck Urinary Continence Imperforate Anus Pelvic Kidney Cloacal Exstrophy 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 1999

Authors and Affiliations

  • W. Hardy Hendren
    • 1
  • Robert E. Gross
    • 2
  • Dennis P. Lund
    • 1
    • 2
  1. 1.Children’s HospitalBostonUSA
  2. 2.Harvard Medical SchoolBostonUSA

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