Advertisement

Eye Movements in Reading

Are Two Eyes Better Than One?
  • Dieter Heller
  • Ralph Radach
Chapter

Abstract

The last 25 years have seen impressive advances in reading research, based on eye movement recording, with respect to both theory and methodology. An important milestone at the beginning of recent developments was the work of McConkie and Rayner on the perceptual span (see summaries in Rayner 1984; McConkie 1983). Here, for the first time, registration devices and computers were combined in a way that allowed to introduce a new dimension into reading research: the manipulation of the useful field of view under dynamic conditions.

Keywords

Saccade Amplitude Fixation Error Letter Position Reading Research Scene Perception 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. Bassou L, Pugh AK, Granié M, Morucci JP (1993) Binocular vision in reading: a study of the eye movements of ten year old children. In: d’Ydevalle G, van Rensbergen J. (eds) Perception and Cognition. Advances in eye movement research. Elsevier, Amsterdam, pp 297–308Google Scholar
  2. Becker W, Jürgens R (1979) An analysis of the saccadic system by means of double step stimuli. Vision Research 19: 967–984PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Collewijn H, Erkelens C, Steinman R (1988) Binocular co-ordination of human horizontal eye movements. Journal of Physiology 404: 157–182PubMedGoogle Scholar
  4. Coltheart M, Freeman R (1974) Case alternation impairs word identification. Bull. Psychon. Soc. 3: 102–104Google Scholar
  5. Cornelissen P, Munro N, Fowler S, Stein J (1993) The stability of binocular fixation during reading in adults and children. Developmental Medicine and Child Neurology 35: 777–787PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. Dunn-Rankin P (1978) The visual characteristics of words. Scientific American 238: 122–130PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. Findlay JM (1982) Global processing for saccadic eye movements. Vision Research 22: 1033–1045PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. Heller D (1982) Eye movements in reading. In: Groner R, Fraisse P (eds) Cognition and Eye Movements. Deutscher Verlag der Wissenschaften, Berlin, pp 139–154Google Scholar
  9. Heller D, Radach R (1995) Binocular coordination of eye movements in complex visual tasks. Perception 24, Supplement: 72CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. Hendriks A (1996) Vergence eye movements during fixations in reading. Acta psychologica 92: 131–151PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. Jones RK, Lee DN (1981) Why two eyes are better than one: The two views of binocular vision. Journal of Experimental Psychology: Human Perception and Performance 7: 30–40PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. Kapoula Z, Robinson DA (1986) Saccadic undershoot is not inevitable: Saccades can be accurate. Vision Research 26: 735–743PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. McConkie GW (1983) Eye movements and perception during reading. In: Rayner K (ed) Eye Movements in Reading. Perceptual and Language Processes. Academic Press, New York, pp 65–96Google Scholar
  14. McConkie GW, Kerr PW, Reddix MD, Zola D (1988) Eye movement control during reading: I. The location of initial eye fixation on words. Vision Research 28: 1107–1118.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. Morrison RE (1984) Manipulation of stimulus onset delay in reading: Evidence for parallel programming of saccades. Journal of Experimental Psychology: Human Perception and Performance 10: 667–682PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. O’Regan JK (1990) Eye movements and reading. In: Kowler E (ed) Reviews of oculomotor research: Vol.4. Eye Movements and Their Role in Visual and Cognitive Processes. Elsevier, Amsterdam, pp 395–453Google Scholar
  17. O’Regan JK, Levy-Schoen A (1987) Eye movement strategy and tactics in word recognition and reading. In: Coltheart M (ed) The Psychology of Reading, Attention and Performance XII: The Psychology of Reading. Erlbaum, Hillsdale, NJ: pp 363–383Google Scholar
  18. O’Regan JK, Vitu F, Radach R, Kerr PW (1994) Effects of local processing and oculomotor factors in eye movement guidance in reading. In: Ygge J, Lennerstrand G (eds) Eye movements in reading. Pergamon Press, New York, pp 329–348Google Scholar
  19. Radach R, Heller D, Wiebories P, Jaschinski W (1996) Binocular coordination, fixation disparity and ocular dominance. Perception 25 Supplement: 87Google Scholar
  20. Radach R, McConkie G (1998) Determinants of fixation positions in reading. In: Underwood G (ed) Eye guidance in reading and scene perception. Elsevier, Oxford, pp 77–100CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. Rayner K (1979) Eye guidance in reading: Fixation locations within words. Perception 8: 21–30PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. Rayner K (1984) Visual selection in reading, picture perception and visual search: A tutorial review. In: Bouma E, Bouwhuis D (eds) Attention and Performance X. Control of language processes. Erlbaum, Hillsdale, N. J.,Google Scholar
  23. Rayner K, Pollatsek A (1981) Eye movement control during reading: Evidence for direct control. Quarterly Journal of Experimental Psychology 33A: 351–373PubMedGoogle Scholar
  24. Rayner K, Reichle ED, Pollatsek A (1998) Eye movement control in reading: An overview and a model. In: Underwood G (ed) Eye guidance in reading and scene perception. Elsevier, Oxford, pp 243–268CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. Rayner K, Sereno SC, Raney GE (1996) Eye movement control in reading: A comparison of two types of models. Journal of Experimental Psychology: Human Perception and Performance 22: 1188–1200PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  26. Schmidt WA (1917) An experimental study in the psychology of reading. A dissertation. Supplementary educational monographs 1. The University of Chicago press, Chicago, II.Google Scholar
  27. Vitu F, McConkie G (1998) On regressive saccades in reading. In: Underwood G (ed) Eye guidance in reading and scene perception. Elsevier, Oxford, pp 101–124CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  28. Ygge J, Jacobson C (1994) Asymmetrical saccades in reading. In: Ygge J, Lennerstrand G (eds) Eye movements in reading. Pergamon Press, New York, pp 301–314Google Scholar
  29. Zee DS, Fitzgibbon EJ, Optician LM (1992) Saccade-vergence interactions in humans. Journal of Neurophysiology 68: 1624–1642PubMedGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 1999

Authors and Affiliations

  • Dieter Heller
    • 1
  • Ralph Radach
    • 1
  1. 1.Technical University of AachenAachenGermany

Personalised recommendations