Economic Impact of Less Invasive Cardiac Operations

  • Gerald M. Lemole
  • Asim F. Choudhri
  • Mehmet C. Oz
  • Daniel J. Goldstein
  • Robert Gianguzzi
  • Hiep C. Nguyen
Part of the Contemporary Cardiology book series (CONCARD)


Cost-containment policies have required a fundamental reexamination of surgical practice. Increasingly government, third-party payers, and the public have expected that surgical treatment will be delivered on an ambulatory or short-term basis. This environment, coupled with the success of laparoscopic interventions in reducing postoperative trauma and shortening the length of stay (LOS) without increased morbidity or mortality, has recently extended to affect the practice of cardiac surgery.


Coronary Artery Bypass Grafting Patient Coronary Bypass Grafting Minimally Invasive Direct Coronary Artery Bypass Coronary Artery Surgery Study Conventional Coronary Artery Bypass Grafting 
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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 1999

Authors and Affiliations

  • Gerald M. Lemole
  • Asim F. Choudhri
  • Mehmet C. Oz
  • Daniel J. Goldstein
  • Robert Gianguzzi
  • Hiep C. Nguyen

There are no affiliations available

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