Mud Flow Hazards
Mud volcanoes are known to erupt and spread massive amounts of breccia over a scale of tens of kilometers, both as airborne ejecta and as mud flows. During eruptions over several hours or days, massive amounts of breccia and large volumes of gas are ejected. Breccia flows, several meters thick, spread over hundreds of meters (occasionally several kilometers) in length. Flowing mud can destroy all platforms, pipelines and other operational equipment, because mud volcanoes are usually associated with oil and gas fields.
KeywordsSuspended Load Eruptive Center Topographic Slope South Caspian Basin Maximal Hazard
Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.