# Mixers

Chapter

## Abstract

Every modern telecommunications system uses at least one mixer, the performance of which largely determines the overall system performance. The term “mixer”, in use since the earlier days when the super-heterodyne technique was invented, is inappropriate since a mixer does not actually “mix” the signals at its inputs (it does not add them linearly) but it multiplies them in pairs. Performing the task of driving the desired signal to the *IF* stage, out of a host of possible combinations of signals appearing at the antenna, is largely a matter of proper system design.

## Keywords

Local Oscillator Conversion Gain Balance Mixer Local Oscillator Signal Gilbert Cell
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