Skeletal Biology

  • R. Bruce Martin
  • David B. Burr
  • Neil A. Sharkey
Chapter

Abstract

Chapter 1 has shown us that the skeleton must withstand very high forces; because our muscles can only contract a small percentage of their length, we must amplify movements using levers that “spend rather than save forces,” as Borelli put it. In this chapter we begin to develop an understanding of how the biology of bone and cartilage provides tissues that can support these large forces day in and day out for a lifetime.

Keywords

Fatigue Anisotropy Estrogen Mold Hydrocarbon 

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 1998

Authors and Affiliations

  • R. Bruce Martin
    • 1
  • David B. Burr
    • 2
  • Neil A. Sharkey
    • 3
  1. 1.Orthopaedics Research Laboratories, Research Building IUniversity of California Davis Medical CenterSacramentoUSA
  2. 2.Department of Anatomy, MS 259Indiana University School of MedicineIndianapolisUSA
  3. 3.Center for Locomotion StudiesThe Pennsylvania State UniversityUniversity ParkUSA

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