Chapter 1 has shown us that the skeleton must withstand very high forces; because our muscles can only contract a small percentage of their length, we must amplify movements using levers that “spend rather than save forces,” as Borelli put it. In this chapter we begin to develop an understanding of how the biology of bone and cartilage provides tissues that can support these large forces day in and day out for a lifetime.
KeywordsFatigue Anisotropy Estrogen Mold Hydrocarbon
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