Family-centered care offers diverse opportunities for reducing risk and improving the health of newborns and infants. Premarital, preconception, and prenatal visits allow assessment for genetic disorders, ensure healthy life style changes (e.g., nutrition), provide preconception vitamins, manage chronic diseases such as diabetes, and intervene when prenatal disorders such as toxemia threaten. Optimal care requires preparation for emergencies (e.g., neonatal resuscitation, sepsis), management of common problems, timely referral for complicated conditions, and prevention through early identification of feeding, growth and developmental problems, and family violence. Full family involvement prepares each member for new roles, recruits participation in healthy habits, and maintains cohesiveness when problems arise.
KeywordsHuman Immunodeficiency Virus Sudden Infant Death Syndrome Family Violence Total Serum Bilirubin Neonatal Resuscitation
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