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ARDS

  • David Esposito

Abstract

Acute Respiratory Distress Syndrome (ARDS) is characterized by 1) hypoxemia (PaO2/FIO2 < 200); 2) bilateral pulmonary infiltrates on CXR; 3) pulmonary capillary wedge pressure (PCWP) < 19, i.e., no clinical evidence of heart failure; 4) acute onset. It is the most severe form of Acute Lung Injury. Causes include infection (>50% of cases), trauma, drugs, pancreatitis, inhalation injury, and aspiration. It has a mortality of approximately 50%, usually due to multiple system organ failure (MSOF), but recovery can be complete.

Keywords

Acute Respiratory Distress Syndrome Pulmonary Capillary Wedge Pressure Inhalation Injury Peak Airway Pressure Multiple System Organ Failure 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 1998

Authors and Affiliations

  • David Esposito

There are no affiliations available

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