Abdominal masses of infants and children may be caused by trauma, infection/abscess, congenital anomalies, tumors and organ enlargement. Patient age significantly influences the differential diagnosis. An ultrasound examination should be performed early during the work-up; it can quickly and accurately identify the location of the mass, the organ with which it is associated, and whether it is cystic or solid. Additional imaging studies such as voiding cystourethrogram, barium enema or CT scan may be required to confirm the diagnosis.
KeywordsAbdominal Mass Choledochal Cyst Glycogen Storage Disease Mature Teratoma Ovarian Torsion
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