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Diverticulitis

  • Theodore J. Saclarides

Abstract

Diverticular disease of the colon is an acquired condition affecting societies that consume a refined, fiber-deficient diet. Consequently, the degree of colonic muscle contraction needed to propel hard, inspissated stools caudally is increased and this, in turn, causes herniation of mu-cosa through weakened points in the bowel wall. Most diverticula are located in the sigmoid colon and do not produce Symptoms. Occasion-ally, a diverticulum will become infected with normal colonic flora as a result of stasis or mucosal abrasion from a fecalith; this sets in motion a cascade of inflammation which may spread either longitudinally within the wall or transmurally into adjacent structures. A patient will then experience left lower quadrant pain. Other conditions which produce a similar clinical picture include Cancer, ischemic Colitis, inflammatory bowel disease, and irritable bowel Syndrome.

Keywords

Inflammatory Bowel Disease Irritable Bowel Syndrome Sigmoid Colon Bowel Wall Diverticular Disease 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 1998

Authors and Affiliations

  • Theodore J. Saclarides

There are no affiliations available

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