• Thomas Betlej


Traumatic chest injuries include pneumothorax, hemothorax, cardiac tamponade, flail chest, ruptured bronchus, open wound, and ruptured aorta. Occasionally, these injuries may co-exist within the same patient. Traumatic hemothorax may follow either blunt or penetrating trauma. If a peripheral pulmonary laceration is sustained, the bleeding may stop spontaneously after the lung is re-expanded and the pleural space evacuated since the pulmonary vasculature is a low pressure system relative to the systemic circulation. Torn intercostal or internal mammary vessels or central lung injuries, on the other hand, may cause persistent hemorrhage requiring surgical intervention. Altogether, only 10% of patients with traumatic hemothorax require thoracotomy.


Cardiac Tamponade Pleural Space Pulmonary Vasculature Tension Pneumothorax Flail Chest 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


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© Springer Science+Business Media New York 1998

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  • Thomas Betlej

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