Behavioral Pharmacology of Alcohol

  • Herman H. Samson
  • Forrest J. Files


The actions of ethyl alcohol (ethanol) on behavior are diverse and depend on amount of ethanol administered, the time-course of administration, route of administration, and particularly blood ethanol level. Blood ethanol level is determined by the administration parameters, exposure history (both long term and recent), and environmental context. A wide spectrum of behavioral effects have been studied, particularly positive reinforcing actions maintaining self-administration and aversive effects observed in conditioned taste aversion. This chapter reviews the behavior pharmacology of ethanol.


Conditioned Stimulus Unconditioned Stimulus Discriminative Stimulus Ethanol Consumption Conditioned Taste Aversion 


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 1998

Authors and Affiliations

  • Herman H. Samson
    • 1
  • Forrest J. Files
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Physiology and PharmacologyWake Forest University School of MedicineWinston-SalemUSA

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