Visceroception and Cognition
The main task of the present work cannot be accomplished without confronting viscerosensory phenomena with those higher processes of the brain that are nowadays included in the collective term cognitive events. The term Erkenntnistheorie was introduced by Reinhold (1789) and became popular, even fashionable, in the last 15–20 years due to the rapid development of information theory, of psycholinguistics, and of research in artificial intelligence. The word cognition (knowledge) has two main meanings: (1) representation in the brain of an object or a process from the environment, concrete or abstract, by perception, concept formation, or imagination, and (2) understanding of that object or process and placing it in the framework of the system of objects or processes already known. This rather alienated, abstract paraphrase of the “overwinded” term covers, in our opinion, very realistic phenomena that should be formulated in the following questions: (1) Does information arriving in the brain from internal organs through (conscious) perceptive phenomena form cognitive schemes, or maps? (2) is the mind capable of identifying and naming the internal information so as to arrange them in their proper place in the mental image network?
KeywordsIrritable Bowel Syndrome Placebo Effect Cognitive Style Irritable Bowel Syndrome Patient Visceral Sensation
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