Risk Communication in Central and Eastern Europe: The Role of the Environmental Movement
In comparison with Japan, North America and western Europe, the health prospects of people in the countries of central and eastern Europe a are grim. People in this part of the European Region live a decade shorter, and infant mortality is higher than in the rest of the industrialized world. High rates of acute respiratory diseases and lead poisoning are among the causes of health problems in childhood. The evidence of cardiovascular diseases and some types of cancer — the chief causes of death — has tended to increase in recent years. The growing gap between east and west began to emerge in the 1960s, resulting from a stagnation or decrease of life expectancy in countries of central and eastern Europe and an increase in western Europe.
KeywordsLocal Government Hazardous Waste Public Participation Risk Communication Environmental Impact Assessment
Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.
Sources and References
- Interview with Zsolt Baltazar, then head, Department of Planning, Ministry of Environment, October 1992.Google Scholar
- Interview with Erno Lakos, Vice Director of Metalloglobus, October 1992.Google Scholar
- Interview with Agnes Vegvari, Green Future, resident of Nagytétény, September 1992.Google Scholar
- British Medical Association (1991). Hazardous waste and human health. London, British Medical Association.Google Scholar
- Intron Bodemtech Environmental and Geotechnical Company (1991). [Results of investigation of the soil contamination of Metallochemia and its environment.] Budapest, Green Future Environmental Protection and Education Center.Google Scholar
- Kemp, R. & Gerrard, S. (1991). Hazard assessment techniques for UK landfill sites: HALO. Integrated environmental management, 1 (5): 20–21.Google Scholar
- Zapponi, G.A. et al. (1992). Factors which influence public reaction to environmental risk: some past experiences in Italy. In: Ball, D.J. & Stern, R.M., ed. Risk communication: dealing with the spectrum of environment and health risks in Europe. Report of a WHO Consultation, Ulm, 28–30 November 1990. Norwich, Environmental Risk Assessment Unit, School of Environmental Sciences, University of East Anglia (Research Report No. 11 ).Google Scholar
- Fisher, D. (1992). Paradise deferred: environmental policy making in central and eastern Europe. London, Energy and Environmental Programme.Google Scholar
- Toth Nagy, M. et al., ed. (1994). Manual on public participation in environmental decision-making: current practice and future possibilities in central and eastern Europe. Budapest, Regional Environmental Center for Central and Eastern-Europe.Google Scholar
- World Resources Institute (1992). World resources 1992–3. New York, Oxford University Press.Google Scholar