The Danish Case: International Involvement as the Small State’s Remedy for Great Power Dominance
The foreign and defense policy adopted by Denmark after World War II prescribes active involvement on the international scene and membership in international organizations as the small state’s remedy for great power dominance. This policy has gone beyond Denmark joining NATO as a founding member in 1949 to include, e.g. active support for and participation in United Nations peacekeeping operations. After the end of the Cold War Denmark recommended the same policy to the newly independent states of Central and Eastern Europe. This applied in particular to the three Baltic states — Estonia, Latvia, and Lithuania which Denmark supported with political advice and military equipment in their efforts to provide peacekeeping troops to missions under UN or OSCE authority, participate actively in NATO’s Partnership-for-Peace programs and in IFOR/SFOR, and for eventually joining NATO as full members.
KeywordsSmall State Baltic State Full Member Defense Policy Maastricht Treaty
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