Flood Protection, Safety Standards and Societal Risk
The Netherlands is situated on the delta of three of Europe’s biggest rivers: the Rhine, the Meuse and the Scheldt. Large parts of the country lie lower than the water levels that may occur on the North Sea, the large rivers and the IJsselmeer. Consequently, most of the country is protected by flood defenses. Along the coast, protection from flooding is provided primarily by the dunes. Where dunes are absent or too narrow, or where sea arms have been closed off, flood defenses in the form of sea dikes or storm surge barriers have been constructed. Along the entire Rhine and along parts of the Maas, river dikes offer protection from flooding by the rivers. Construction, management and maintenance of flood defenses are essential conditions for the population and further development of the country.
KeywordsDepression Europe Shipping Income Assure
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