The interactions between living organisms and metals in intertidal and subtidal sediments

  • Carlos Vale
  • Bjorn Sundby


Although it may not be readily apparent to the casual observer, intertidal and subtidal sediments are highly structured chemical environments. In the absence of physical disturbances, the chemical structure is simple and consists of layers of gradually changing composition parallel to the sediment—water interface. Benthic animals and rooted plants disrupt this simple structure by burrowing into the sediment or by growing roots. This affects the rates of transport of gases, solutes and particulate matter within the sediment and between the sediment and the overlying water.


Trace Metal Salt Marsh Manganese Oxide Overlie Water Acid Volatile Sulphide 
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© Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht 1998

Authors and Affiliations

  • Carlos Vale
  • Bjorn Sundby

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