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Printed antennas originated from the use of planar microwave technologies such as microstrip, slot lines, coplanar lines, etc. Although the possibility of using the radiation from such lines (particularly important at discontinuities) was suggested as early as the 1950s, the first practical printed antennas appeared in the mid-1970s1 and have been widely developed since then. They are realized with printed circuit technology, and since their introduction they have accompanied the general trend of electronic miniaturization. The different types of printed antennas are distinguished by the geometry of the radiating element and by the feeds or ports which allow its excitation.
KeywordsFundamental Mode Input Impedance Ground Plane Microstrip Line Microstrip Antenna
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