Methods Related to MDS

  • Ingwer Borg
  • Patrick Groenen
Part of the Springer Series in Statistics book series (SSS)


In this chapter, some other techniques are discussed that have something in common with MDS. First, we discuss the analysis of a variables-by-objects data matrix by principal components analysis and show how it is related to MDS. Then, some approaches for the analysis of asymmetric dissimilarity data are discussed, all with emphasis on a graphic display of the asymmetry. Finally, we discuss correspondence analysis, a technique particularly suited for the analysis of a contingency table of two categorical variables.


Correspondence Analysis Crime Rate Auto Theft Weighted Euclidean Distance Morse Code 


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 1997

Authors and Affiliations

  • Ingwer Borg
    • 1
  • Patrick Groenen
    • 2
  1. 1.Zentrum für Umfragen, Methoden und AnalysenMannheimGermany
  2. 2.Department of Data TheoryLeiden UniversityLeidenThe Netherlands

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